UN Small Arms Process

The United Nations is involved in many different ways in the effort to reduce the proliferation of small arms and their deadly effects. Its Programme of Action (PoA) was adopted by all UN Member States in 2001, and since that time the UN has worked to support the implementation of the PoA at national, regional and international levels. By-products of the PoA include the International Tracing Instrument and the recommendations of a Group of Governmental Experts on arms brokering.

The first binding international legal instrument on small arms, the UN Firearms Protocol, came into effect in July 2005. The Protocol supplements the UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.

22 UN agencies are members of the Coordinating Action in Small Arms (CASA).

Latest news

 

IANSA has a presence at UN Headquarters these two weeks to ensure that civil society is strong and visible at the 2012 Review Conference on the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA), taking place from the 27th August to 7th September.
 
The summaries below provide some highlights of the work of the Review Conference.
 

IANSA's presence at the Second Review Conference of the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons (PoA) was launched as three members, Jasmine Nario-Galace (Director, Center for Peace Education, Philippines), Hector Guerra (Network Coordinator, IANSA, Mexico), and Marie-Thérèse Ngandji (Executive Director, Caritas, Gabon) delivered speeches addressing IANSA's review of PoA Implementation so far, and hopes for further progress in the future.

Transcripts of the three speeches are available below.

The Second Review Conference of the UN Programme of Action (PoA) to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, is due to run from 27th August to 7th September at UN Headquarters in New York.

More than a decade has passed since the adoption of the PoA in 2001, which has laid the foundation for action at the national, regional and global levels.

The Second Review Conference for the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA), is about to commence at the UN Headquarters in New York, 27th - 7th August, 2012.

SLANSA, IANSA member in Sierra Leone, and the Sierra Leone National Commission on Small Arms (SLeNCSA) held a joint press conference on the ATT and the UNPOA at the Commission’s Conference Room on Thursday 14 June 2012. The conference was attended by a cross section of the media and the story was carried by five radio stations, the national TV and four print media and an observer from Action on Armed Violence.

Latest resources

The UN Programme of Action Open Ended Meeting of Governmental Experts (MGE) will take place 9-13 May 2011 at the UN Headquarters in New York.

Cette édition contient: les dernières nouvelles du bureau de New York, les détails sur la récente session du Comité  préparatoire sur le commerce des armes et sur la Commission des Nations Unies de  la condition de la femme ainsi que les événements à venir.

This is the first of our quarterly Updates on IANSA in Africa to keep you informed of progress on the continent. This issue focuses on a project coordinated by The Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), entitled ‘The Fight Against the Illicit Accumulation and Trafficking of Firearms in Africa’. 

This is the second edition of IANSA’s quarterly UN Bulletin.

The purpose of this bulletin is:

  1. To keep you informed about developments at the UN during the past three months,
  2. To flag upcoming events for which you may want to prepare or which may offer opportunities for action at the local, national or regional level.

This edition contains: an update from the New York office; details from the recent Preparatory Committee on the Arms Trade Treaty and UN Commission on the Status of Women; and upcoming events.

The 2001 UN Programme of Action on small arms (PoA) is the most comprehensive global agreement on preventing gun violence.

This non-binding agreement was adopted as part of the UN small arms process in 2005. It establishes minimum standards for the marking, tracing and recordkeeping of guns.

Every October, governments attend the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, which proposes and adopts resolutions on disarmament and international security. Reaching Critical Will publish a newsletter explaining the significance of the discussions, including any discussions on small arms.

The UN Development Program has a variety of projects aiming to prevent armed violence from undermining poverty reduction.

In most countries, there is little or no accurate information on the extent of gun injuries. These UN guidelines are designed to help researchers collect this information.

This is the first edition of IANSA’s quarterly UN bulletin, issued as part of our improved communication strategy that we hope will assist you in your work. 

The Final Outcome Document of the Fourth Biennial Meeting of States (BMS) to Consider the Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (PoA) is now available.

Governments met in June 2010 to review implementation of the UN Programme of Action on small arms.

This report explores the links between small arms control and the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action, the principle international standards for aid effectiveness.

This 2009 report from the UN Secretary-General recommends that armed violence prevention should be part of the review process for the Millennium Development Goals. It also recommends that armed violence prevention programmes recognise the gendered nature of armed violence.

The UN Secretary-General requested the views of countries on the links between armed violence and sustainable development. Read what your country submitted.

A UN Group of Governmental Experts produced recommendations for strengthening national and international controls and cooperation, to prevent illicit arms brokering and related activities. Their report was subsequently endorsed by the UN General Assembly in December 2008.

Ammunition stockpiles require careful management to prevent explosions. The report of a Group of Governemntal Experts was endorsed by the UN General Assembly in 2008, and subsequently technical guidlines are being prepared.

This 2008 resolution of the UN General Assembly stresses the need for a coherent and integrated approach to the prevention of armed violence, with a view to achieving sustainable peace and development.

Governments met in July 2008 to review implementation of the UN Programme of Action on small arms.

This report by the UN Secretary General came as response to a statement from the UN Security Council in 2007, requesting that they receive a report on small arms every two years

This resolution endorses 15 principles for preventing human rights abuses with guns, including abuses committed by state actors (eg law enforcement) and private citizens.

Governments met in June/July 2006 to review and strengthen implementation of the UN Programme of Action on small arms.

Governments met in January 2006 to prepare for the Review Conference on the UN Programme of Action on small arms.

Governments met at the United Nations in July 2005 to review progress on the UN Programme of Action on small arms.

The 2001 Programme of Action on small arms was adopted by the UN General Assembly after negotiations at the 2001 UN Conference on Small Arms.