National gun laws

The majority of small arms are in the hands of private individuals - worldwide, around 60% of guns are possessed by civilians. There is a strong correlation between firearms ownership and gun death rates, especially for handgun ownership, as handguns are concealable and so commonly used in crime.

In 2006, the UN sub-commission on human rights endorsed principles to prevent human rights abuses by civilians with guns. Many countries regulate:

- types of weapons permitted. For example, prohibiting fully automatic weapons, or semiautomatic rifles. Given their use in crime, some countries also prohibit civilian possession of handguns.

- users of guns. Licensing the users of guns might involve requiring users to prove they have a genuine need of a firearm, also background checks to investigate whether the user is likely to be a risk to themselves or others.

- uses of guns. For example, prohibiting carrying or firing guns in a  public place.

Essential to enforcing the above regulations is firearm registration, linking every weapon to its last legal user and so identifying any point of diversion. This is part of a marking and tracing requirement.

Latest news

The cities of Chicago in the US, and Toronto in Canada are almost equal in population size yet there are seven times more gun homicides in Chicago with an average of 450 per year in comparison to less than 60 in Toronto.

Physicians in Canada spoke out in defence of the national gun registry this week, arguing that it is an important tool for preventing suicide.

IANSA women in Paraguay are campaigning for a comprehensive law to prevent, punish and eradicate violence against women and to include provisions to remove guns from perpetrators in cases of domestic violence.

More than 200,000 illegal guns are in civilian hands in Peru, according to IANSA member Red Peruana para el Desarme Civil, la Cultura de Paz y la Seguridad Ciudadana (REPEC).

Cesar Marin of the IANSA International Advisory Council was interviewed this week by Red de Apoyo por la Justicia y la Paz in Venezuela about the advantages and disadvantages of existing national and international instruments currently in place to regulate guns in the country.

Latest resources

Guns were used in nearly 75% of the 18.929 homicides committed in El Salvador in the period 2007-2011, according to new research by Centro de la Sociedad Civil para el Monitoreo y Evaluación de la Violencia and Fundación para la Democracia, Seguridad y Paz. In a study on public safety in the country, they found that violence was the leading cause of death, with 12 homicides per day.87.3% of homicide victims were men.

The Parliamentary Forum on Small Arms and Light Weapons has issued a policy statement on civilian possession of automatic and semi-automatic rifles, adopted during their board meeting in New York on 23 October this year. It states that, “ Such kinds of weapons – which do not only relate to illegal trafficking, conflict zones or high levels of gun violence but have also been used to perpetrate massacres in countries including New Zealand, United Kingdom, Australia, United States and recently in Norway - should be banned from civilian possession”.

This newsletter from the Coalition Against Gun Violence in the US includes a message of solidarity to the people of Norway after the shooting that left 69 people dead on 22 July 2011.

A new report on the connection between small arms and perceptions of insecurity among the population in Eastern DR Congo was launched in Kinshasa on 22 June.

The model law on firearms created by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime is now available online.

Focusing on the US, this article, written by David Hemenway and published in the American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, summarises and compares scientific literature on the health risks and benefits of having a gun in the home for the gun owner and his/her family.

This policy brief was produced by Garen Wintemute of the Violence Prevention Research Program (VPRP) at the University of California,Davis, in response to a policy proposal put forward by Mayors Against Illegal Guns

A website with information relevant to national gun laws across the world, including country and regional laws, news and data.

Handguns are concealable, a strong advantage for use in criminal acts. They are also specifically designed to kill people. This table lists strengths and weaknesses of national gun laws in 16 countries.

The latest DAKS newsletter is now available.

IANSA members in West Africa are keeping track of states’ implementation of the ECOWAS convention on their websites.

Firearms were the weapons most widely used to kill women in 44 countries around the world, said the Third International Report on Partner Violence against Women.

A new report analyses Colombia's national laws in the light of international instruments on small arms control.

A new report “Stopping the Destructive Spread of Small Arms” discusses the challenges that gun proliferation poses for sustainable security and development.

This resolution endorses 15 principles for preventing human rights abuses with guns, including abuses committed by state actors (eg law enforcement) and private citizens.