Armed violence and development

Gun violence exacerbates poverty. At the same time, poverty provides the ideal breeding ground for gun violence. Sustainable development is undermined as long as this cycle remains unbroken.

Lost productivity due to homicides alone is conservatively estimated at between USD $95 and 163 billion each year. An estimated 60% of these homicides were carried out with firearms. Violence due to armed conflict can also decrease the annual growth of a typical economy by 2%.

The UN General Assembly has acknowledged this link between gun violence and development, as did the 2005 World Summit. Many countries support the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence & Development, which seeks to achieve measurable reductions in the global burden of armed violence by 2015.

 

Latest news

In Mexico, the IANSA Survivors Network, along with its Mexican partners, is organising a conference on “The International Regulation of the Arms Trade: The Perspective of the Victims of Armed Violence”. Roberto Dondisch, the head of the Mexican delegation to the Arms Trade Treaty Diplomatic Conference will be a keynote speaker and the Norwegian Embassy will be a guest of honor.

IANSA member Gun Free South Africa is partnering with Primedia, South Africa’s leading media group, to run a campaign to encourage 3 million radio listeners to participate in the Global Week of Action Against Gun Violence by reporting illegal guns and illegal gun use to Primedia’s crime fighting initiative, CrimeLine. The advertisement is being broadcast from 11 to 17 June 2012 on the national radio stations 702 Radio, 567 Cape Radio, Kfm, and 94.7 fm.

Rural Development and Youth Training Institute in India organised two rural youth rallies against gun violence. The rallies took place in the Mandar-Gar and Jaspura villages in the Kota District, Rajastha. About 175 rural youths, farmers, women, and girls and boys actively participated in the campaign. All the participants made a vow that they will not tolerate armed violence or the misuse of guns in their communities.

In Colombia, Redepaz Antioquia is organising film screenings, discussions and workshops about gun control and human rights violations at gunpoint. For more information, see http://www.redepazantioquia.org/

IANSA member in Sudan, The Human Security Initiative Organization (MAMAN), has signed a partnership agreement with UNDP to provide reintegration services for 336 demobilised ex-combatants in the South Kordofan State of Rashad, over a period of six months.

Latest resources

Despite the signing of the 2006 Peace Accords, political, economic, and social violence continue to simmer across Nepal, according to the Small Arms Survey.

Africa suffers enormously from conflict and armed violence. As well as the human tragedy, armed conflict costs Africa around $18bn per year, seriously derailing development.

This report by the UN Secretary-General was submitted to the UN Security Council to bring them up to date on issues that were presented to them in the 2008 SG report on Small Arms

On 3 March, members of the Control Arms Campaign addressed the UN, as part of the second session of the Preparatory Committee on the Arms Trade Tready (ATT).

The Geneva Declaration is an ongoing process between UN Members States, UN agencies and civil society seeking to reduce the impact of armed violence on sustainable development. The website includes data, case studies and other resources.

The UN Development Program has a variety of projects aiming to prevent armed violence from undermining poverty reduction.

The Working Group on Armed Violence and Development is now on Facebook.

IANSA member APP presented its new book “International Arms Transfers Control” on 3 June at a Mercosur government meeting in Buenos Aires (Argentina).

This report explores the links between small arms control and the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action, the principle international standards for aid effectiveness.

A number of countries now support the 2010 Oslo Commitments, seeking to reduce armed violence as part of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

A new article analyses the connections between crime and the economic and political situation in Uruguay.

A new report “Stopping the Destructive Spread of Small Arms” discusses the challenges that gun proliferation poses for sustainable security and development.

This 2009 report from the UN Secretary-General recommends that armed violence prevention should be part of the review process for the Millennium Development Goals. It also recommends that armed violence prevention programmes recognise the gendered nature of armed violence.

The UN Secretary-General requested the views of countries on the links between armed violence and sustainable development. Read what your country submitted.

This 2008 resolution of the UN General Assembly stresses the need for a coherent and integrated approach to the prevention of armed violence, with a view to achieving sustainable peace and development.

This report by the UN Secretary General came as response to a statement from the UN Security Council in 2007, requesting that they receive a report on small arms every two years

Globally, there is very little information on the true costs of armed violence. This UN manual provides a methodology to allow national researchers to collect and analyse data on the costs of injuries, including gun injuries.

Irresponsible arms transfers are undermining many developing countries’ chances of achieving their Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets.

A 2005 summary of UNDP’s work to reduce armed violence, including case studies. It also contains a table showing how gun violence undermines the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

This report from the Control Arms Campaign includes a methodology for allowing government arms export officials to determine if the transfer is likely to undermine development in the recipient country.