Armed violence and development

Gun violence exacerbates poverty. At the same time, poverty provides the ideal breeding ground for gun violence. Sustainable development is undermined as long as this cycle remains unbroken.

Lost productivity due to homicides alone is conservatively estimated at between USD $95 and 163 billion each year. An estimated 60% of these homicides were carried out with firearms. Violence due to armed conflict can also decrease the annual growth of a typical economy by 2%.

The UN General Assembly has acknowledged this link between gun violence and development, as did the 2005 World Summit. Many countries support the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence & Development, which seeks to achieve measurable reductions in the global burden of armed violence by 2015.

 

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We are pleased to announce that the date for this year’s Global Week of Action Against Gun Violence is 16–22 June 2014. This week has been chosen to coincide with the next meeting in the UN small arms process, the 

This week has been chosen to coincide with the International Day of Peace, 21 September.  

Suggested themes: 

1) ‘GET THE GUNS OFF THE STREETS’  

2) DISARM DOMESTIC VIOLENCE  

3) LOCK UP THE GUNS: STOCKPILE MANAGEMENT.  

Gender, Women’s and survivors' participation are cross cutting issues that will be highlighted across all themes. 

Please send information on your Global Week of Action activities to: Communication@iansa.org

The Second Review Conference of the UN Programme of Action (PoA) to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, is due to run from 27th August to 7th September at UN Headquarters in New York.

More than a decade has passed since the adoption of the PoA in 2001, which has laid the foundation for action at the national, regional and global levels.

REPPACT (the Network for the Promotion of Peace and Citizenship), IANSA member in Chad, led awareness-raising activities with youth in schools. They highlighted the role of youth in peace-building and drew their attention to the need to regulate the trade and stop the illicit trafficking of small arms. Members have met local authorities and representatives of the Ministry of Security to emphasise the need for Chad to support a strong ATT in July, and to sign and ratify it once it has been negotiated.

IANSA member AVREO in the DR-Congo broadcast a message annoucing the Week of Action Against Gun Violence 2012 on Radio Umoja in Fizi Territory. Clashes between the FARDC and Mai Mai have prevented them from transmitting further broadcasts on the Tuugane radio station.

Latest resources

Despite the signing of the 2006 Peace Accords, political, economic, and social violence continue to simmer across Nepal, according to the Small Arms Survey.

Africa suffers enormously from conflict and armed violence. As well as the human tragedy, armed conflict costs Africa around $18bn per year, seriously derailing development.

This report by the UN Secretary-General was submitted to the UN Security Council to bring them up to date on issues that were presented to them in the 2008 SG report on Small Arms

On 3 March, members of the Control Arms Campaign addressed the UN, as part of the second session of the Preparatory Committee on the Arms Trade Tready (ATT).

The Geneva Declaration is an ongoing process between UN Members States, UN agencies and civil society seeking to reduce the impact of armed violence on sustainable development. The website includes data, case studies and other resources.

The UN Development Program has a variety of projects aiming to prevent armed violence from undermining poverty reduction.

The Working Group on Armed Violence and Development is now on Facebook.

IANSA member APP presented its new book “International Arms Transfers Control” on 3 June at a Mercosur government meeting in Buenos Aires (Argentina).

This report explores the links between small arms control and the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action, the principle international standards for aid effectiveness.

A number of countries now support the 2010 Oslo Commitments, seeking to reduce armed violence as part of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

A new article analyses the connections between crime and the economic and political situation in Uruguay.

A new report “Stopping the Destructive Spread of Small Arms” discusses the challenges that gun proliferation poses for sustainable security and development.

This 2009 report from the UN Secretary-General recommends that armed violence prevention should be part of the review process for the Millennium Development Goals. It also recommends that armed violence prevention programmes recognise the gendered nature of armed violence.

The UN Secretary-General requested the views of countries on the links between armed violence and sustainable development. Read what your country submitted.

This 2008 resolution of the UN General Assembly stresses the need for a coherent and integrated approach to the prevention of armed violence, with a view to achieving sustainable peace and development.

This report by the UN Secretary General came as response to a statement from the UN Security Council in 2007, requesting that they receive a report on small arms every two years

Globally, there is very little information on the true costs of armed violence. This UN manual provides a methodology to allow national researchers to collect and analyse data on the costs of injuries, including gun injuries.

Irresponsible arms transfers are undermining many developing countries’ chances of achieving their Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets.

A 2005 summary of UNDP’s work to reduce armed violence, including case studies. It also contains a table showing how gun violence undermines the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

This report from the Control Arms Campaign includes a methodology for allowing government arms export officials to determine if the transfer is likely to undermine development in the recipient country.