Africa’s missing billions: International arms flows and the cost of conflict

Africa suffers enormously from conflict and armed violence. As well as the human tragedy, armed conflict costs Africa around $18bn per year, seriously derailing development. The most commonly used weapons in Africa’s conflicts are Kalashnikov assault rifles. The vast majority of these weapons and their ammunition – perhaps 95 per cent - come from outside Africa.

This publication by IANSA, Oxfam, and Safeworld with a foreword by the President of Liberia, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, outlines the economic and human costs of armed conflict to Africa’s development.

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